American film actor, considered one of the greatest legends in the history of cinema. Marlon Brando was the third child of the marriage of Dorothy Pennebaker, Irish blood, and Marlon Brando, a descendant of French who Americanized his original name, “Brandeau.”
His father, a man of strong character belonging to the Episcopal Church, was representative of a chemical factory, so according to their destination, the family changed residence several times (Illinois, California, Minnesota) before settle permanently on a farm in Libertyville, Illinois, in 1937. From his mother, amateur artist and driving force behind a theater group of Omaha whereby, in the late twenties, spent a few still unknown Henry Fonda and Dorothy McGuire, inherited, he and his sisters, Josephine and Frances, his attraction the scene.
The glaring inconsistency of marriage resulted, after a short time, in a constant battle in the middle of Prohibition led to alcoholism women and children to emancipate themselves from a young age. Brando learned of the death of his mother in 1954 in a film set. His father soon remarried, died in 1965.
Rebel from childhood, the young Bud (was her family nickname) became sixteen, against their will in the Shattuck Military Academy in Fairbult, Minnesota, where far from “straightening” was expelled two years later for insubordination. Then forced to work in what was, was a mason and excavator driver while her sisters became independent and set off to New York to try his luck in the theater. In early 1943 he went to live with his sister Joselyn with the same goal, but to earn a living had to string a succession of odd jobs (selling soft drinks, dishwasher, buttons, elevator in a department store) while waiting for his chance.
A recommendation led him to Erwin Piscator, director of the Dramatic Workshop at the New School for Social Research, the forerunner of the Actor’s Studio. There he attended classes Stella Adler, who enjoyed great prestige for having been a student in Moscow, Konstantin Stanislawski, whose techniques applied.
A dozen works between 1944 and 1947 (Molière, Shakespeare, Ben Hecht, Cocteau, Bernard Shaw …) burned up his talent, and two sentences were enough to convince that Tennessee Williams was to embody the ideal interpreter for first Once Stanley Kowalski of A Streetcar Named Desire. With the approval of the playwright and the direction of Elia Kazan, Brando was a Kowalski never surpassed, and the overnight Broadway got all talking about him.
The mounting success led to his film version. And the actor, who had debuted in Men (1950), Fred Zinnemann, was able to move the screen all the power and nuance with which he endowed his character in the scene, but its seductive power multiplied. With A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), Marlon Brando not only gained immediate fame: her myth was born. An icon who imitated his contemporaries and that half a century later has not been extinguished.
As in his memoirs, Songs my mother taught meHe was not aware then of the scope of his image or the effect of their rebellion, which unwittingly strengthened in other titles, Wild! (1954), László Benedek, or Snakeskin (1959), Sidney Lumet. Another notable film of those years was The Young Lions (1958), which allowed Brando to show the versatility of interpretation to play the role of a captain of the German Wehrmacht, which gave a more human, which differed from that prevailing in the war films of the era.
The Brando of that time prevailed above all other considerations, his prestige as an actor. In six-year career had been nominated for an Oscar five times, and although I could have won by Viva Zapata! (1952), Kazan, or Julius Caesar (1953), Joseph L. Mankiewicz, as obtained by On the Waterfront (1954), in which he played the contradictory Terry Malloy (the former fighter who prowls the docks of New York), an alter ego of the film’s director, Kazan, haunted by the specter of betrayal after contributing to the sinister witch hunt led by Senator Joseph McCarthy denounced his comrades. The actor hesitated long before accepting his role in that kind of film “Atonement, but owed much to Kazan, and smelled the character award.
Actually Brando, who embodied the faint-hearted disagreement over other Hollywood stars, I thought that worked against the star-system, behind the industry, and occurred, however, that his character suited the great dream factory: it was the best seller of its products. It is true that rejected many offers from Hollywood, but more saturated than ideology. This means a better job in the securities of varying quality and diverse genus, apart from demonstrating his versatility, not contribute to increase their prestige.
This was already in the fifties, when he was at the summit, and, eventually, it became increasingly evident. You can say that this first stage ended with his only job as director, One-Eyed Jacks (1961), a western twilight set the tone for which has since ruled the genre, but which at the time were not valued.
A decade later, rescued from mediocrity by Bertolucci and Coppola, who with The Godfather led to a new Oscar-collected on its behalf by a false Sioux Indian protest the treatment of Native Americans-in the Brando reborn overcame greed, and Superman (1978), Richard Donner, with a salary of $ 14 million, opened its manifestly mercenaries and forgettable work that characterized the last stage of his career. His biographers say that he did so bound by debt.
Indeed, the economy was battered by their investments in Tahiti (Teti’aroa owned atoll since 1966) and sequels and obligations in store for the exotic, dramatic history dilated and sentimental (the false Hindu Anna Kashfi, Joanna Or actually ‘Callaghan, Welsh, with whom we litigated years for custody of her first child, Christian, who in 1990 was convicted for the murder of his sister Cheyenne’s boyfriend, who then committed suicide in 1995 -, the Mexican Movita Castaneda, the Tahitian Tarita Teriipia and, between 1988 and 2001, his Guatemalan housekeeper Cristhina Maria Ruiz, the mother of his three youngest children).
However, shortly after his death was announced on the will that left an estate of about $ 22 million and recognized ten of his children born of all your relationships. Of these, the ashes handed over by the will of the actor, on his island in Tahiti and California, in the Valley of Death.
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